Cách cấu hình dịch vụ quản lý thư mục và file FTP site trên các máy chủ Web phiên bản IIS 7.0, 7.5
IIS 7 offers an optional management service that allows remote administration using non-Windows accounts. The steps in this section lead you through the steps to install and configure this service.
Note: The IIS 7 Management Service must be installed in order to use IIS 7 Manager Authentication with FTP, but the service does not need to be started.
Step 1: Install the IIS Management Service
In this first step, you install the IIS 7 management service.
Click Server Manager in the Windows Start menu.
Click Roles in the tree view, locate the Web Server role and click Add Role Services.
If Management Service is not checked, check the box next to it and click Next. Otherwise, click Cancel.
When prompted to confirm the service selections, click Install.
When the service installation is complete, click Close to exit the wizard and close Server Manager.
Step 2: Configure the IIS Management Service and Add an IIS 7 Manager
In this second step, you configure the IIS 7 management service for IIS 7 Managers.
Go to the IIS 7 Manager. In the Connections pane, click the server-level node in the tree. Double-click the Management Service icon.
Select the option for Windows credentials or IIS Manager credentials. Click Apply in the Actions pane.
Go to the IIS 7 Manager. In the Connections pane, click the server-level node in the tree. Double-click the IIS Manager Users icon.
In the IIS Manager Users feature, click Add User in the Actions pane.
When the Add User dialog appears, enter “ftpmanager” for User Name and “P@ssw0rd” for Password. Click OK.
To recap the items that you completed in this section:
You installed the IIS 7 management Service.
You configured the IIS 7 management Service to use both Windows and IIS 7 Manager Credentials.
You created an IIS 7 manager that you will use later.
This section of the document walks you through the steps required to create a new FTP site from scratch and then configure the site to use the IIS 7 manager account that you created in the previous section.
Step 1: Use the FTP Site Wizard to Create an FTP Site
In this first step, you create a new FTP site that can only be opened by the local administrator account.
Go to the IIS 7 Manager. In the Connections pane, click the Sites node in the tree.
Right-click the Sites node in the tree and click Add FTP Site, or click Add FTP Site in the Actions pane.
When the Add FTP Site wizard appears:
Enter “My New FTP Site” in the FTP site name box, then navigate to the “%SystemDrive%\inetpub\ftproot” folder that you created in the Prerequisites section. Note: If you choose to type in the path to your content folder, you can use environment variables in your paths; for example: “%SystemDrive%\inetpub\ftproot”
Choose an IP address for your FTP site from the IP Address drop-down, or choose to accept the default selection of “All Unassigned.” Because you will be using an IIS 7 manager account later in this walk-through, make sure that you restrict access to the server — enter the local loopback IP address for your computer by typing “127.0.0.1” in the IP Address box.
You would normally enter the TCP/IP port for the FTP site in the Port box. For this walk-through, choose to accept the default port of 21.
For this walk- through, you will not use a host name, so make sure that the Virtual Host box is blank.
Make sure that the SSL Certificate drop-down is set to “Not Selected” and that the Require SSL option is not selected.
In Authentication settings, select Basic.
In Authorization settings, choose “Specified users” from the Allow access to drop-down. Type “administrator” in the box, and select both Read and Write in Permissions options.
Step 2: Configure the FTP Site to Use IIS 7 Manager Authentication
This section walks you through the steps required to enable IIS 7 Manager Authentication for the FTP site that you just created. Use the following steps:
Go to the IIS 7 Manager. Click the node for the FTP site that you created earlier. Double-click the FTP Authentication icon to open the FTP authentication feature page.
When the FTP Authentication page displays, click Custom Providers in the Actions pane.
When the Custom Providers dialog displays, click the check box for IIS Manager Authentication. Click OK.
Your FTP Authentication page should now show both Basic Authentication and IIS Manager Authentication enabled. If desired, disable Basic Authentication by highlighting it and clicking Disable in the Actions pane.
You now must enable access for the IIS 7 manager account. Click the node for the FTP site in the tree view. Double-click the IIS Manager Permissions icon to open that feature.
On the IIS Manager Permissions page, click Allow User in the Actions pane.
When the Allow User dialog displays, choose the IIS Manager option. Click Select.
When the Users dialog box displays, select the “ftpmanager” user. Click OK.
Click OK to close the Allow User dialog box.
You must add an authorization rule so that the IIS 7 manager account can log in. Click the node for the FTP site in the tree view. Double-click the FTP Authorization Rules icon to open the FTP authorization rules feature page.
When the FTP Authorization Rules page displays, click Add Allow Rule in the Actions pane.
When the Add Allow Authorization Rule dialog box opens:
Select Specified users, then type “ftpmanager” in the text box.
For Permissions, select both Read and Write.
To recap the items that you completed in this section:
You created a new FTP site named “My New FTP Site”:
You specified the site’s content root at “%SystemDrive%\inetpub\ftproot”.
You bound the FTP site to the local loopback address for your computer on port 21, choosing not to use Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) for the FTP site.
You configured Basic Authentication to the FTP site, and created an authorization rule that allows the administrator account both “Read” and “Write” permissions for the FTP site.
You configured the FTP site to use an IIS 7 Manager account:
You enabled IIS 7 Manager Authentication.
You granted access to the site for an IIS 7 manager account.
You created an authorization rule that allows the IIS 7 manager account both “Read” and “Write” permissions for the FTP site.
After completing all of the steps in the Configuring the IIS 7 Management Service and Creating a New FTP Site and Configuring an IIS Manager account sections of this walkthrough, you are now able to log in using the “ftpmanager” account that you created. To use the command-line FTP.EXE client on your IIS server:
Open a command prompt.
Type the following command:
When prompted for your USER name, enter your user name and password. For example:
USER ftpmanager PASS ********
The FTP service should log you into the FTP site using the IIS 7 Manager account.